Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


Online Clinic


Resources


Welcome to our site. Please use the links to the left to answer your questions and navigate through our site.

Parents & Teachers

We have provided information from our clinic and research to help you understand how these problems are diagnosed and how you might improve management of your child's difficulties. We have developed the information for use by parents and schools.

Our experience suggests that if schools and parents can agree on a useful and effective strategy for understanding and managing children’s behavior, the children seem to have better outcomes and the parents and school experience fewer problems in their efforts to do what is best for the child. 

Researchers & Physicians

We have provided you with an easy-to-access site to look at our research and access some of our research tools and intervention strategies using the navigation tools to the left. Included for your review are many of the MS PowerPoint slides we use in our presentations.

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Posters
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Books
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  • Burd, L. The FAS Screen. 1999.  
  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., & Arnold, M.E. Is Development of Tourette Disorder a Marker for Improvement in Patients with Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders? In: Advances in Research on Autism and Developmental Disorders.(Eds.) Takagi, R., Rutter, M., & Schopler, E. 1999. Kyoto, Japan: Japanese Society for the Promotion of Research on Autism. 98-103.
  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Case Study: Comorbidity Among Tourette’s Syndrome, Autistic Disorder, and Bipolar Disorder. In: Advances in Research on Autism and Developmental Disorders.(Eds.) Takagi, R., Rutter, M., & Schopler, E. 1999. Kyoto, Japan: Japanese Society for the Promotion of Research on Autism. 91-97.
  • Burd, L. Endings – Monograph on Parental Management of Terminal Illness in Chidren. 2000.  
  • Burd, L. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  
  • Burd, L. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  
  • Burd, L. Maternal Risk Assessment. 2001.  
  • Burd, L. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  
  • Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  
  • Burd, L. & Juelson, T. Community Based Screening for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. In: Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development [online].(Eds.) Tremblay, R.E., Barr, R.G., Peters, R.DeV. 2003. Montreal, Quebec: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development. 1-6. Available at: http://www.excellence-earlychildhood.ca/documents/Burd-JuelsonANGxp.pdf.
  • Cohen, M.D., Burd, L., & Beyer, M. Services for Youth in Juvenile Justice Programs. In: Clinical Practice in Correctional Medicine (2nd ed.).(Eds.) Puisis, M. & Couchman, R. 2006. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Inc.. 120-143.
  • Burd, L. Educational needs of children with tourette syndrome. In: Children with Tourette Syndrome: A Parent’s Guide (2nd ed.).(Ed.) Marsh, T.L. 2007. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House Inc.. 207-241.
  • Burd, L., Carlson, C., & Kerbeshian, J. Mental Health Disorders Comorbid With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. In: Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, L. Sher, I. Kandel, and J. Merrick (Eds), 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 111-123.
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    Publications
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    Present - 2005
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  • Best, L.G., Dorsam, S.T., Nadeau, M., Burd, L., & Anderson, C.M. Genetic Thrombophilia Variants and Risk for Preeclampsia Among American Indians. orma Healthcare: Hypertension in Pregnancy. 2009. 28: 85-94.

  • Burd, L Commentary: Intervention in FASD: We Must Do Better. Child: Care, Health and Development. 2006. 33(4): 398-400.

  • Burd, L. Educational needs of children with tourette syndrome. In: Children with Tourette Syndrome: A Parent’s Guide (2nd ed.).(Ed.) Marsh, T.L.(Ed.) Marsh, T.L. 2007. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House Inc.. 207-241.

  • Burd, L. Response to Letter to the Editor. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2009 85: 231-232.

  • Burd, L. Getting an Early Start on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Head Start Newsletter. July, 2006.  

  • Burd, L. and Christensen, T. Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Are We Ready Yet? Journal of Psychopharmacology. 2009. 29(1): 

  • Burd, L. and Hofer, R. Biomarkers for Detection of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Critical Review of Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters in Meconium. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2008. 82: 487-493.

  • Burd, L., Carlson, C., & Kerbeshian, J. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Mental Illness. Int. J. Disabil. Human Dev. 2007. 6(4): 383-396.

  • Burd, L., Carlson, C., & Kerbeshian, J. Mental Health Disorders Comorbid With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. In: Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, L. Sher, I. Kandel, and J. Merrick (Eds), 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 111-123.

  • Burd, L., Christensen, T., & Kerbeshian, J. Speech, Language, and Communication in Tourette Disorder. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. 2008. 28: 170-190.

  • Burd, L., Cohen, C., Shaw, R., & Norris, J. A Court Team Model for Care of Young Children in Foster Care: The Role of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. The Journal of Psychiatry and Law 2011 (in press) 

  • Burd, L., Deal, E., Burd, C., Klug, M.G., Dickerson, J., York, B.E., & Burd, R. Results of a Feasibility Evaluation of the Short Story of Life Smoking Education and Prevention Program in Public Schools. Journal of Dev and Phys Disabilities . 2006. 18(4): 401-417.

  • Burd, L., Deal, E., Rios, R., Adickes, E., Wynne, J., & Klug, M.G. Congenital Heart Defects and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Congenital Heart Dis. 2007. 2: 250-255.

  • Burd, L., Fast, D.K., Conry, J., & Williams, A. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders as a Marker for Increased Risk of Involvement With Correction Systems The Journal of Psychiatry and Law 2011 (in press) 

  • Burd, L., Freeman, R.D., Klug, M.G., & Kerbeshian, J. Variables Associated with Increased Tic Severity in 5,500 Participants with Tourette Syndrome. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 2006. 18(1): 13-24.

  • Burd, L., Freeman, R.D., Klug, M.G., & Kerbeshian, J. Tourette Tourette Syndrome and Learning Disabilities. BMC Pediatrics. 2005. 5: 34.

  • Burd, L., Klug, M.G., Bueling, R, Martsolf, J., Olson, M., & Kerbeshian, J. Mortality Rates in Subjects with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Their Siblings. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2008. 82(4): 217-223.

  • Burd, L., Klug, M.G., Li, Q., Kerbeshian, J., & Martsolf, J.T. Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Valididy Study of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Checklist. Alcohol 2009  1-10.

  • Burd, L., Klug, M.G., Martsolf, J., Martsolf, C., Deal, E., & Kerbeshian, J. A Staged Screening Strategy for Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Maternal Risk Stratification. Journal of The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 2006. 126(2): 86-94.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J., & Kerbeshian, J Psychiatric Comorbidity in a Girl with Saethre-Chetzen Syndrome. Psychiatric Genetics. 2008. 18: 258-259.

  • Burd, L., Peterson, M., Cedar Face, G., Cedar Face, F., Shervold, D., & Klug, M.G. Efficacy of A SIDS Risk Factor Education Methodology at a Native American and Caucasian Site. Matern Child Health J. 2007. 11(4): 365-371.

  • Burd, L., Qing, L., Kerbeshian, J., Klug, M.G., & Freeman, R.D. Tourette Syndrome and Comorbid Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Journal of Child Neurology. 2009. 24(5): 170-175.

  • Burd, L., Roberts, D., Olson, M., & Odendaal, H. Ethanol and the Placenta: A Review. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 2007. 20(5): 361-375.

  • Cohen, M.D., Burd, L., & Beyer, M. Services for Youth in Juvenile Justice Programs. In: Clinical Practice in Correctional Medicine (2nd ed.).(Eds.) Puisis, M. & Couchman, R.(Eds.) Puisis, M. & Couchman, R. 2006. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Inc.. 120-143.

  • Eaglestaff, M.L., Klug, M.G., & Burd, L. Infant Mortality Reviews in the AAIHS: Strategies and Outcomes. Public Health Reports . 2006. 121(2): 140-148.

  • Eaglestaff, M.L., Klug, M.G., & Burd, L. Eight Years of Infant Mortality Reviews in the Aberdeen Area of the Indian Health Service. The IHS Provider. 2007. June 174-180.

  • Freeman, R.D., Zinner, S.H., Müller-Vahl, K.R., Fast, D.K., Kano, Y., Rothenberger, A., Roessner, V., Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L, Jankovic, J., Janik, P., Shady, G., Robertson, M.M., Stern, J.S., Lang, A.E., Budman, C., Magor, A., Ruth, B., Berlin Jr., C. Tourette Syndrome International Database Consortium. Coprophenomena in Tourette Syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2008. 51(3): 218-227.

  • Herrick, K., Hudson, L., & Burd. L. The Elephant in the Cradle Zero to Three 2009 2001, January. 44-50

  • Hofer, R. & Burd, L. Review of published Studies of Kidney, Liver, and Gastrointestinal Birth Defects in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Birth Defects Research (Part A) 2009 85: 179-183.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Moving Target: The Developing Social Brain and Psychopathology. Psychiatric Annals. 2005. 35(10): 839-852.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Is Anorexia Nervosa a Neuropsychiatric Developmental Disorder? An Illustrative Case Report. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2008.  1-10.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Tait, A. Chain Reaction or Time Bomb: A Neuropsychiatric-Developmental/Neurodevelopmental Formulation of Tourettisms, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, and Schizophreniform Symptomatology Associated with PANDAS. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2007. 8(3): 201-207.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Peng, C.Z., Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome and Comorbid Early-onset Schizophrenia. Journal of Psychomatic Research 2009 67: 515-523.

  • Li, Q., Fisher, W.W., Peng, C.Z., Williams, A.D., & Burd. L. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Population Based Study of Premature Mortality Rates in the Mothers. Maternal & Child Health 2011 (in press) 

  • Odendaal, H.J., Elliott, A., Signore, C., Burd, L. The adverse effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the developing fetus. J Perinat Med. 2007. (Suppl. II) 

  • Odendaal, H.J., Steyn, D. Wilhelm, Elliot, Amy, & Burd, L. Combined Effects of Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Perinatal Outcome. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. 2009. 67: 1-8.

  • Peng, C. Z., Burd, L. An introduction to screening instruments and diagnostic criteria for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2006. 5: 452-454.

  • Peng, C., Hatlestad, P., Klug, M.G., Kerbeshian, J., & Burd, L Health Care Costs and Utilization Rates for Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders in North Dakota From 1998 to 2004: Impact on Medicaid. Journal of Child Neurology. 2009. 24(2): 140-147.

  • 2004 - 2000
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  • Burd, L. Undiagnosed Dyslexia in Physicians. Military Medicine. 1990. 155(4): A19.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Stuttering and Stimulants. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology . 1991. 11(1): 72-73.

  • Burd, L., Cook, J., & Randall T. The Hand Apraxia Scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1990. 70: 219-224.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Vesely, B., Williams, M., Kerbeshian, J., & Leech, C. Prevalence of Psychoactive Drug Use in North Dakota Group Home Residents. American Journal on Mental Retardation. 1991. 96(2): 119-126.

  • Burd, L., Gascon, G., Swenson, R., & Hankey, B. Crossed Aphasia In Early Childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child Neu¬rology. 1990. 32: 528-546.

  • Burd, L., Kauffman, D.W., & Kerbeshian, J. Tourette Syndrome and Learning Disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 1992. 25: 598-604.

  • Burd, L., Kemp, R., Knull, H., & Loveless, D. A Review of the Biochemical Pathways Studied and Abnormalities Reported in the Rett Syndrome. Brain and Development. 1990. 12(4): 444-448.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., & Randall, T. A Prevalence Study of Rett Syndrome in an Institutionalized Population. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1990. 36: 33-36.

  • Burd, L., Randall, T., Martsolf, J.T., & Kerbeshian, J. Rett Syndrome Symptomatology of Institutionalized Adults With Mental Retardation: Comparison of Males and Females. American Journal on Mental Retardation. 1991. 95(5): 596-601.

  • Burd, L., Short, S.K., Martsolf, J.T., & Nelson, R.A. Prevalence of Type I Spinal Muscular Atro¬phy in North Dakota. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 41: 212-215.

  • Burd, L., Vesely, B., Martsolf, J., & Kerbeshian, J. Prevalence Study of Prader-Willi Syndrome in North Dakota. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1990. 37: 97-99.

  • Burd, L., Vesley, B., Martsolf, J.T., & Kerbeshian, J. A Prevalence Study of Rett Syndrome in North Dakota Children. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 38: 565-568.

  • Cook, J. & Burd L. Preliminary Report on Construction and Validation of a Pediatric Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire. Perceptual and Motor Skills . 1990. 70: 259-267.

  • Cook, J.R., Mausbach, T., Burd, L., Gascon, G.G., Slotnick, H.B., Patterson, B., Johnson, R.D., Hankey, B., & Reynolds, B.W. A Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Central Auditory Processing Disorder and Attention Deficit Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 1993. 18(3): 130-137.

  • Fisher, W. & Burd, L. Educational Achievement in Non-verbal Children: Are They Learning Disabled? Brain and Development. 1991. 13: 428-432.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. A Clinical Pharmacological Approach to the Treatment of Autism. The Habilitative Mental Health Care Newsletter. 1991. 10(6): 33-36.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Familial Trichotillomania. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 1991. 148(5): 684-685.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome and Recurrent Paraphilic Masturbatory Fantasy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1991. 376: 155-157.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Fisher W. Asperger's Syndrome: To Be or Not to Be? The British Journal of Psychiatry. 1990. 156: 721-725.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Pettit, R. A Possible Post-Streptococcal Movement Disorder with Chorea and Tics. Development Medicine and Child Neurology. 1990. 32: 642-644.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., Leech, C., & Rorabaugh, A. Huntington Disease and Childhood-Onset Tourette Syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 39: 1-3.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., Randall, T., Martsolf, J.T., & Jalal S. Autism, Profound Mental Retardation, and Atypical Bipolar Disorder in a 33-Year-Old Female With a Deletion of 15q12. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research. 1990. 34: 205-210.

  • Moffatt, M.E.K., Harlos, S., Kirshen, A.J., & Burd, L. Desmopressin Acetate and Nocturnal Enuresis: How Much Do We Know? Pediatrics. 1993. 92(3): 420-425.

  • 1999 - 1995
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  • Bagheri, M., Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., & Klug, M.G. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Maternal and Neonatal Characteristics. Journal of Perinatal Medicine. 1998. 26: 263-269.

  • Burd, L. & Wentz, T. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: The North Dakota Experience. North Dakota Journal of Human Services. 1997. 1(3): 14-20.

  • Burd, L., Gregory, J.M., & Kerbeshian, J. The Brain-Mind Quiddity: Ethical Issues in the Use of Human Brain Tissue for Therapeutic and Scientific Purposes. Journal of Medical Ethics. 1998. 24: 118-122.

  • Burd, L., Ivey, M., Barth, A., & Kerbeshian, J. Two Males With Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: A Prospective 14-Year Outcome Study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 1998. 40: 702-707.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., & Meredith, J.L. Neuropathology and Molecular Studies of a Patient with Tourette Syndrome and Huntington Disease. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 1997. 9(3): 255-263.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., & Klug, M Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in North Dakota: A Case Control Study Utilizing Birth Certificate Data. Addiction Biology. 1996. 1: 181-189.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., Kerbeshian, J., Mohr, P., Mohr, T., & Ebertowski, M. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Delineation and Management. Clinical Advances in the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders. 1996. 10(4): 1-8.

  • Burd, L., Williams, M., Klug, M.G., Fjelstad, K., Schimke, A., & Kerbeshian, J. Prevalence of Psychotropic and Anticonvulsant Drug Use Among North Dakota Group Home Residents. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 1997. 41(6): 488-494.

  • Fisher, W.F., Bowman, L.G., Thompson, R.H., Contrucci, S.A., Burd, L., & Alon, G. Reductions in Self-injury Produced By Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1998. 31(3): 493-496.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Case Study: Comorbidity Among Tourette’s Syndrome, Autistic Disorder and Bipolar Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1996. 35(5): 681-685.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Barth, A. The Construct of Canalization and Tourette Syndrome. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1997. 84: 126.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Klug, M.G. Comorbid Tourette’s Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: An Etiologic Perspective. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1995. 152(11): 1646-1651.

  • 1994 - 1990
    Show/Hide
  • Burd, L. Undiagnosed Dyslexia in Physicians. Military Medicine. 1990. 155(4): A19.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Stuttering and Stimulants. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology . 1991. 11(1): 72-73.

  • Burd, L., Cook, J., & Randall T. The Hand Apraxia Scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1990. 70: 219-224.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Vesely, B., Williams, M., Kerbeshian, J., & Leech, C. Prevalence of Psychoactive Drug Use in North Dakota Group Home Residents. American Journal on Mental Retardation. 1991. 96(2): 119-126.

  • Burd, L., Gascon, G., Swenson, R., & Hankey, B. Crossed Aphasia In Early Childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child Neu¬rology. 1990. 32: 528-546.

  • Burd, L., Kauffman, D.W., & Kerbeshian, J. Tourette Syndrome and Learning Disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 1992. 25: 598-604.

  • Burd, L., Kemp, R., Knull, H., & Loveless, D. A Review of the Biochemical Pathways Studied and Abnormalities Reported in the Rett Syndrome. Brain and Development. 1990. 12(4): 444-448.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., & Randall, T. A Prevalence Study of Rett Syndrome in an Institutionalized Population. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1990. 36: 33-36.

  • Burd, L., Randall, T., Martsolf, J.T., & Kerbeshian, J. Rett Syndrome Symptomatology of Institutionalized Adults With Mental Retardation: Comparison of Males and Females. American Journal on Mental Retardation. 1991. 95(5): 596-601.

  • Burd, L., Short, S.K., Martsolf, J.T., & Nelson, R.A. Prevalence of Type I Spinal Muscular Atro¬phy in North Dakota. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 41: 212-215.

  • Burd, L., Vesely, B., Martsolf, J., & Kerbeshian, J. Prevalence Study of Prader-Willi Syndrome in North Dakota. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1990. 37: 97-99.

  • Burd, L., Vesley, B., Martsolf, J.T., & Kerbeshian, J. A Prevalence Study of Rett Syndrome in North Dakota Children. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 38: 565-568.

  • Cook, J. & Burd L. Preliminary Report on Construction and Validation of a Pediatric Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire. Perceptual and Motor Skills . 1990. 70: 259-267.

  • Cook, J.R., Mausbach, T., Burd, L., Gascon, G.G., Slotnick, H.B., Patterson, B., Johnson, R.D., Hankey, B., & Reynolds, B.W. A Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Central Auditory Processing Disorder and Attention Deficit Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 1993. 18(3): 130-137.

  • Fisher, W. & Burd, L. Educational Achievement in Non-verbal Children: Are They Learning Disabled? Brain and Development. 1991. 13: 428-432.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. A Clinical Pharmacological Approach to the Treatment of Autism. The Habilitative Mental Health Care Newsletter. 1991. 10(6): 33-36.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Familial Trichotillomania. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 1991. 148(5): 684-685.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome and Recurrent Paraphilic Masturbatory Fantasy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1991. 376: 155-157.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Fisher W. Asperger's Syndrome: To Be or Not to Be? The British Journal of Psychiatry. 1990. 156: 721-725.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Pettit, R. A Possible Post-Streptococcal Movement Disorder with Chorea and Tics. Development Medicine and Child Neurology. 1990. 32: 642-644.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., Leech, C., & Rorabaugh, A. Huntington Disease and Childhood-Onset Tourette Syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 1991. 39: 1-3.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., Randall, T., Martsolf, J.T., & Jalal S. Autism, Profound Mental Retardation, and Atypical Bipolar Disorder in a 33-Year-Old Female With a Deletion of 15q12. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research. 1990. 34: 205-210.

  • Moffatt, M.E.K., Harlos, S., Kirshen, A.J., & Burd, L. Desmopressin Acetate and Nocturnal Enuresis: How Much Do We Know? Pediatrics. 1993. 92(3): 420-425.

  • 1989 - 1985
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  • Burd, L. The Fragile X Chromosome. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1987. 316: 483.

  • Burd, L. Month of Birth in Non-speaking Children. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 1988. 30: 685-686.

  • Burd, L. & Bender B. A New Strategy for Providing Large Print Curriculum Materials to Visually Impaired Students. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness. 1986. 80: 598-600.

  • Burd, L. & Fisher W. Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Multiply Disabled Children: An Introduction. Rehabilitation Literature. 1985. 46(9-10): 243-245.

  • Burd, L. & Fisher, W. Central Auditory Processing Disorder or Attention Deficit Disorder? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics . 1986. 7: 215.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Hyperlexia and a Variant of Hypergraphia. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1985. 60: 940-942.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Tourette Syndrome, Atypical Pervasive Developmental Disorder, and Ganser Syndrome in a 15-year-old, Visually Impaired, Mentally Retarded Boy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1985. 30(1): 74-76.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Onset of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome Before One Year of Age. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1987. 144(8): 1066-1067.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. A North Dakota Prevalence Study of Schizophrenia Presenting in Childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Ado¬lescent Psychiatry. 1987. 26: 347-350.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Asperger's Syndrome. British Journal of Psychiatry. 1987. 151: 417.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Case Study: Psychogenic and Neurodevelopmental Factors in Autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry . 1988. 27: 252-253.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Diagnosis and Management of Gilles de la Tourette Disorder in Rural North Dakota Children. Rural Special Education Quarterly. 1988. 9: 20-26.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Diagnosis of Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 275-282.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Familial Pervasive Development Disorder, Tourette Disorder and Hyperlexia. Neuroscience and Bio¬behavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 233-234.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Functional Visual Loss in Children: Ganser’s Syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1986. 93: 1368.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Treatment-generated Problems Associated with Behavior Modification in Tourette Disorder. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 1987. 29: 831-833.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Symptom Substitution in Tourette Disorder. Lancet. 1988. 2: 1072.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Historical Roots of ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 1988. 27: 262.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian, J. Nocturnal Coprolalia and Phonic Tics. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1988. 145: 132.

  • Burd, L. (Guest Editor: Special Issue). Topic: Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Multiply Handicapped Children. Child Study Journal. 1986.  

  • Burd, L. Bornhoeft, D.M., & Kerbeshian J. Fragile X Syndrome: Developmental Aspects. Child Study Journal. 1986. 16(4): 285-296.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., & Kerbeshian J. Pervasive Developmental Disorders in Multiply Disabled Children. Rehabilitation Literature. 1985. 46(9-10): 246-249.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., & Kerbeshian J. A Prevalence Study of Pervasive Developmental Disorders in North Dakota. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1987. 26: 700-703.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., & Kerbeshian J. Childhood Onset jPervasive Development Disorder. Journal of Child Psychology, Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 1988. 29(2): 155-163.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., & Arnold M.E. Is Development of Tourette Disorder a Marker for Improvement in Patients with Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1987. 26: 162-165.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., Vesely, B., Durgin, B., & Reep P. A Comparison of Breastfeeding Rates Among Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder and Controls. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 1988. 9(5): 247-251.

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Knowlton, D., & Kerbeshian J. Hyperlexia: A Marker for Improvement in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1987. 26: 407-412.

  • Burd, L., Gascon, G., & Kerbeshian J. Rett Syndrome: Case Reports and Management Strategies. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 283-287.

  • Burd, L., Hammes, K., Bornhoeft, D., & Fisher W. A North Dakota Prevalence Study of Non-verbal School-Age Children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools. 1988. 19: 371-383.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., & Fisher W Inquiry into the Incidence of Hyperlexia in a Statewide Population of Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Psychological Reports. 1985. 57: 236-238.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., & Fisher W. Does the Use of Phenobarbital as an Anticonvulsant Permanently Exacerbate Hyperactivity? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1987. 32(1): 10-13.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Cook, J., Bornhoeft, D.M., & Fisher W. Tourette Disorder in North Dakota. Neuroscience and Biobe¬havioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 223-228.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Fisher, W., & Gascon G. Anticonvulsant Medications: An Iatrogenic Cause of Tic Disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1986. 31(5): 419-423.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Fisher, W., & Martsolf, J.T. A Case of Autism and Mosaic of Trisomy 8. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 1985. 15: 351-352.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Fisher, W., Barcome, D., & Lipp L. Pseudohemiparesis and Tourette Syndrome. Journal of Child Neurology. 1986. 1: 369-371.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Wikenheiser, M., & Fisher W. Prevalence of Gilles de la Tourette’s Syndrome in North Dakota Adults. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1986. 143(6): 787-788.

  • Burd, L., Kerbeshian, J., Wikenheiser, M., & Fisher W. Brief Report: A Prevalence Study of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome in North Dakota School-Aged Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry. 1986. 25(4): 552-553.

  • Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., Kerbeshian, J., & Jalal S.M. Partial 6p Trisomy Associated with Infantile Autism. Clinical Genetics. 1988. 33: 356-359.

  • Burd, L., Shea, T.E., & Knull H. "Montana Gin:" Ingestion of Commercial Products Containing Denatured Alcohol Among Native Americans. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1987. 48(4): 388-389.

  • Burd., L. & Gascon G. Rett Syndrome: Review and Discussion of Current Diagnostic Criteria. Journal of Child Neurology. 1988. 3: 263-268.

  • Dodd, J.M., Griswold, P.E., Smith, G.H., & Burd L. A Comparison of Learning Disabled and Other Children on the Ability to Make Functional Time Estimates. Child Study Journal. 1985. 15(3): 189-197.

  • Fisher, W., Burd, L., & Kerbeshian J. Integrating Developmental, Pharmacologic and Psychologic Diagnosis and Management Through the Transdisciplinary Team Process. Rehabilitation Literature. 1985. 46(9-10): 268-271.

  • Fisher, W., Burd, L., & Kerbeshian J. Comparisons of DSM-III Defined Pervasive Developmental Disorders in North Dakota Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1987. 26: 704-710.

  • Fisher, W., Burd, L., & Kerbeshian J. Markers for Improvement in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research. 1988. 32: 357-364.

  • Fisher, W., Burd, L., Kuna, D.P., & Berg D. Attention Deficit Disorders and the Hyperactivities in Multiply Disabled Children. Rehabilitation Literature . 1985. 46(9-10): 250-254.

  • Fisher, W., Conlon, C., Burd, L., & Conlon, R. Educating Children and Adults on Coping with Tourette Syndrome. Perceptual Motor Skills. 1986. 62: 530.

  • Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., & Burd L. A Treatable Language Disorder: Pharmacological Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 1986. 7(2): 73-76.

  • Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L. & Kolstoe, P. Tuberous Sclerosis and Autism. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology . 1986. 28: 814-815.

  • Gascon, G., Johnson, R., & Burd L. Central Auditory Processing and Attention Deficit Disorder. Journal of Child Neurology. 1986. 1: 27-33.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Auditory Hallucinosis and Atypical Tic Disorder: Case Reports. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 1985. 46(9): 189-197.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Asperger's Syndrome and Tourette Syndrome: The Case of the Pinball Wizard. British Journal of Psychiatry. 1986. 148: 731-736.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. A Second Visually Impaired, Mentally Retarded Male With Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Tourette Disorder and Ganser’s Syndrome: Diagnostic Classification and Treatment. Interna¬tional Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 1986. 16(1): 67-75.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Are Schizophreniform Symptoms Present in Attenuated Form in Children with Tourette Disorder and Other Developmental Disorders? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1987. 32(2): 123-135.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Tourette Disorder and Mutational Falsetto. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 271-273.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. A Clinical Pharmacological Approach to Treating Tourette Syndrome in Children and Adolescents. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 241-245.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Tourette Disorder and Schizophrenia in Children. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 267-270.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd L. Differential Responsiveness to Lithium in Patients with Tourette Disorder. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 247-250.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L More on Ganser's Syndrome and DSM-III. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1987. 144: 119-120.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Novel Side Effects of Clonidine in the Treatment of Tourette Disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1987. 7: 207-208.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L. & Martsolf, J. The Multipotential Outcome of Fragile X Syndrome. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 1985. 6: 322.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Fisher W. Lithium Carbonate in the Treatment of Two Patients with Infantile Autism and Atypical Bipolar Symptomatology. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1987. 7(6): 401-405.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., Fisher, W., Martsolf, J., & Wikenheiser M. Gilles de la Tourette Disease in Multiply Disabled Children. Rehabilitation Literature. 1985. 46(9-10): 255-258.

  • Kerbeshian, J., Gascon, G., & Burd L. A Role for Biogenic Amines in Developmental Language Disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1988. 12: 289-293.

  • 1984 - 1980
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  • Burd, L. The FAS Screen. 1999.  

  • Burd, L., Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., & Arnold, M.E. Is Development of Tourette Disorder a Marker for Improvement in Patients with Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders? In: Advances in Research on Autism and Developmental Disorders.(Eds.) Takagi, R., Rutter, M., & Schopler, E. 1999. Kyoto, Japan: Japanese Society for the Promotion of Research on Autism. 98-103.

  • Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Case Study: Comorbidity Among Tourette’s Syndrome, Autistic Disorder, and Bipolar Disorder. In: Advances in Research on Autism and Developmental Disorders.(Eds.) Takagi, R., Rutter, M., & Schopler, E. 1999. Kyoto, Japan: Japanese Society for the Promotion of Research on Autism. 91-97.

  • Burd, L. Endings – Monograph on Parental Management of Terminal Illness in Chidren. 2000.  

  • Burd, L. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  

  • Burd, L. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  

  • Burd, L. Maternal Risk Assessment. 2001.  

  • Burd, L. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  

  • Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. 2001.  

  • Burd, L. & Juelson, T. Community Based Screening for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. In: Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development [online].(Eds.) Tremblay, R.E., Barr, R.G., Peters, R.DeV. 2003. Montreal, Quebec: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development. 1-6. Available at: http://www.excellence-earlychildhood.ca/documents/Burd-JuelsonANGxp.pdf.

  • Cohen, M.D., Burd, L., & Beyer, M. Services for Youth in Juvenile Justice Programs. In: Clinical Practice in Correctional Medicine (2nd ed.).(Eds.) Puisis, M. & Couchman, R. 2006. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Inc.. 120-143.

  • Burd, L. Educational needs of children with tourette syndrome. In: Children with Tourette Syndrome: A Parent’s Guide (2nd ed.).(Ed.) Marsh, T.L. 2007. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House Inc.. 207-241.

  • Burd, L., Carlson, C., & Kerbeshian, J. Mental Health Disorders Comorbid With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. In: Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, L. Sher, I. Kandel, and J. Merrick (Eds), 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 111-123.

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