Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


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Welcome to the online clinic of Dr. Larry Burd (view vita) , Director of the North Dakota Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Center and Professor of Pediatrics at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Burd's research encompasses areas such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Autism, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Smoking Prevention in Schools. This site provides access to articles, lecture slides and tools produced through research on these topics and more. To order materials, request seminars, or participate in ongoing research please contact us .


Recent Articles
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Burd, L., Carlson, C., & Kerbeshian, J. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Mental Illness. Int. J. Disabil. Human Dev. 2007. 6(4): 383-396.

Burd, L., Deal, E., Rios, R., Adickes, E., Wynne, J., & Klug, M.G. Congenital Heart Defects and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Congenital Heart Dis. 2007. 2: 250-255.

Burd, L., Roberts, D., Olson, M., & Odendaal, H. Ethanol and the Placenta: A Review. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 2007. 20(5): 361-375.

Odendaal, H.J., Elliott, A., Signore, C., Burd, L. The adverse effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the developing fetus. J Perinat Med. 2007. (Suppl. II) 

Eaglestaff, M.L., Klug, M.G., & Burd, L. Eight Years of Infant Mortality Reviews in the Aberdeen Area of the Indian Health Service. The IHS Provider. 2007. June 174-180.

Burd, L., Peterson, M., Cedar Face, G., Cedar Face, F., Shervold, D., & Klug, M.G. Efficacy of A SIDS Risk Factor Education Methodology at a Native American and Caucasian Site. Matern Child Health J. 2007. 11(4): 365-371.

Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L., & Tait, A. Chain Reaction or Time Bomb: A Neuropsychiatric-Developmental/Neurodevelopmental Formulation of Tourettisms, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, and Schizophreniform Symptomatology Associated with PANDAS. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2007. 8(3): 201-207.

Burd, L. and Hofer, R. Biomarkers for Detection of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Critical Review of Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters in Meconium. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2008. 82: 487-493.

Burd, L., Klug, M.G., Bueling, R, Martsolf, J., Olson, M., & Kerbeshian, J. Mortality Rates in Subjects with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Their Siblings. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2008. 82(4): 217-223.

Burd, L., Martsolf, J., & Kerbeshian, J Psychiatric Comorbidity in a Girl with Saethre-Chetzen Syndrome. Psychiatric Genetics. 2008. 18: 258-259.

Kerbeshian, J. & Burd, L. Is Anorexia Nervosa a Neuropsychiatric Developmental Disorder? An Illustrative Case Report. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2008.  1-10.

Burd, L., Christensen, T., & Kerbeshian, J. Speech, Language, and Communication in Tourette Disorder. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. 2008. 28: 170-190.

Freeman, R.D., Zinner, S.H., Müller-Vahl, K.R., Fast, D.K., Kano, Y., Rothenberger, A., Roessner, V., Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L, Jankovic, J., Janik, P., Shady, G., Robertson, M.M., Stern, J.S., Lang, A.E., Budman, C., Magor, A., Ruth, B., Berlin Jr., C. Tourette Syndrome International Database Consortium. Coprophenomena in Tourette Syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2008. 51(3): 218-227.

Burd, L., Klug, M.G., Li, Q., Kerbeshian, J., & Martsolf, J.T. Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Valididy Study of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Checklist. Alcohol 2009  1-10.

Herrick, K., Hudson, L., & Burd. L. The Elephant in the Cradle Zero to Three 2009 2001, January. 44-50

Hofer, R. & Burd, L. Review of published Studies of Kidney, Liver, and Gastrointestinal Birth Defects in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Birth Defects Research (Part A) 2009 85: 179-183.

Burd, L. Response to Letter to the Editor. Birth Defects Research (Part A). 2009 85: 231-232.

Kerbeshian, J., Peng, C.Z., Burd, L. Tourette Syndrome and Comorbid Early-onset Schizophrenia. Journal of Psychomatic Research 2009 67: 515-523.

Peng, C., Hatlestad, P., Klug, M.G., Kerbeshian, J., & Burd, L Health Care Costs and Utilization Rates for Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders in North Dakota From 1998 to 2004: Impact on Medicaid. Journal of Child Neurology. 2009. 24(2): 140-147.

Burd, L. and Christensen, T. Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Are We Ready Yet? Journal of Psychopharmacology. 2009. 29(1): 

Best, L.G., Dorsam, S.T., Nadeau, M., Burd, L., & Anderson, C.M. Genetic Thrombophilia Variants and Risk for Preeclampsia Among American Indians. orma Healthcare: Hypertension in Pregnancy. 2009. 28: 85-94.

Odendaal, H.J., Steyn, D. Wilhelm, Elliot, Amy, & Burd, L. Combined Effects of Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Perinatal Outcome. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. 2009. 67: 1-8.

Burd, L., Qing, L., Kerbeshian, J., Klug, M.G., & Freeman, R.D. Tourette Syndrome and Comorbid Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Journal of Child Neurology. 2009. 24(5): 170-175.

Burd, L., Cohen, C., Shaw, R., & Norris, J. A Court Team Model for Care of Young Children in Foster Care: The Role of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. The Journal of Psychiatry and Law 2011 (in press) 

Burd, L., Fast, D.K., Conry, J., & Williams, A. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders as a Marker for Increased Risk of Involvement With Correction Systems The Journal of Psychiatry and Law 2011 (in press) 

Li, Q., Fisher, W.W., Peng, C.Z., Williams, A.D., & Burd. L. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Population Based Study of Premature Mortality Rates in the Mothers. Maternal & Child Health 2011 (in press) 

Updated on May 19, 2011
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